During the stages of the Earth  formation, ash, lava, carbon dioxide and  water vapour discharged  onto  the  surface of the planet by  constant  volcanic  eruption.the water forms the oceans, wile carbon dioxide  entered the atmosphere or  was  dissolved in the  ocrans. Cloud,formed of  water droplets,reflected some  of the sun’radiation back into   space.  The  Earth’s temprature  stabilizing and early  life  forms began to emerge,converting  carbon dioxied into  life -giving oxygen.


It is taught that the gases that make up the earth’s  atmosphere originated deep within  the interior , and were realised  many milloon  of  years ago during  intense  valcanic activity, similar to this eruption at  mout st.helens


MILLIONS OF OBJESTS , remnannts of  planetry formation, circle  the sun in a  zone lying  between mars and  jupiter: the asteroid belt. Fragments of asteriods break of to form meteorides , which can reach the Earth’s surface. Comets,conposed of ice  and  dust, originated  outside our solar system. their elliptical orbit brings them close to sun and  into  the inner solar systm. Meteor crater in Arizona is 4200 feet  (1300m) wide and 660 feet (200m) deep. It  was formed over 10,ooo years ago. The orbit of halley’s comet  brings  it close to the EARTH every 76 years. It’s last visit was on 1986.

Space debris are generally blown-up bits of asteroids, or spaceships or garbage sent from space or space explosion.




Carbon di oxide Pumped Into The Ground Can Be Made Into A Solid Stone!!!!

Carbon capture is a important part of maintaining the balance of Carbon di oxide emission on the planet. Whenever fuel is burnt, all the Carbon di oxide that  is stored within is released into the atmosphere.

Human beings  have been causing this problem for a long time, and are seeing the effects of global climatic changes. Scientists in Iceland have found a way to permanently capture Carbon emissions so that they don’t go into the atmosphere further harming the Green House effect.

Carbon dioxide was pumped into volconic rock in Iceland, which sped up a natural process that turns basalt into carbonate minerals, which then becomes limestone.

Dry ice is the solid form of carbon dioxide.

This procedure takes normally 100 to 1000 years ,but scientists in icelands were able to do this in only 2 years. This results in carbon capture into a rock that could be stored underground or even used as a  building material so that the captured dioxide never returns to the atmosphere.

Science geeks

Vijay s nalagi.



Stem Injected Into Stroke Patients Re-Enable Them To Walk !!!!

Medical  researches  enabled stroke patients to walk by injecting stem into them.

  To all started when clinical trial held at Sanford University School of  Medicine injected  modified  human stem cells directly into the brain  of several  chronic stroke patient .            The procedure was very successful  with  no negative  effect  describe from the infection  and  only  mild  headache  as the result of the procedure  , which was performed on mildly anesthetized  patients. All 18 showed significant healing  long after any healing ,expected following the stroke(period of 6 months ) .  This included  increased mobility and actually allowed patients  who were previously limited to wheelchairs to walk again freely .

This is a great discovery of 2016.                                    Source-Articles                                                                                  Science geeks vijay s nalagi .

Nanotechnology: The Anticipated future

”Why can’t we right all the 24 volumes of the Encyclopedia Britannica on the head of a pin?”, asked Richard Feynman.

Science has developed since the birth of the universe, but we slowly knew them after the birth of humans, birth of famous scientists, thinkers, and many more. But, there is a difference. Science of today has more difference than science of yesterday, and science of yesterday has more difference  than science of day before yesterday. Like that, science has changed so much in the past that we are able to enjoy the technology that we have today. Science has produced so many thinkers that they are able to anticipate the future which awaits for the human beings and of course, our planet Earth. Albert Einstein and Stephen Hawking were two great examples of thinkers, who were able to ‘simulate’ the future in their minds themselves. What technology awaits for us, then, in the future, you might ask? Yes, the future technology: Nano technology.

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Slight Genetic Mutation 800 million years ago led to Multicellular Life !!!!!

During the recent research in 2016 discovery states that there is slight genetic mutation 800 million years ago lead to multicullar life.                                                                                        Researches found that an ancient molecule, GK-PID is the reason single celled organisms started to evolve into multcullar organisms approximately 800 million years ago.

The molecule has found to be line a molecular carabinier able to pull chromosomes together to attach them into one inner wall of a cell membrane when division occurs.     This allows cells to copy properly and avoid becoming cancerous.

The the fantastic discovery indicates the ancient  version of GK-PID did not behave in thsame way  it behaves currently. The only reason it became capable of working  like a  genetic carabiner is due to a single mutation that copied itself  ,  suggesting that  multicullar life is the result of  single identificabl mutation                                                                    So till now you heard mutation. So what is mutation ?                                                                                                       In biology, a mutation is the structure of  a gene, resulting in a variant from which  may  be transmitted to subsequent generation caused by the alteration of single base unit in DNA or the deletion, insertion,or rearrangement of large sections  of genes  or  choromosomes. Mutation is just an alteration of genes in response to the environment. For example, the White tiger is mutated, because generally tigers are orange, but this tiger’s genes are mutated in such a way that they are white

Source- Net information articles based on latest discovery 2016.

-Science geek

Vijay s nalagi


Are there really 3 states of matter?

You are all no stranger to the concept of matter and states of matter. We generally use water as the main tool to explain this states of matter concept in a simple way. We also know there are 3 states of matter, namely, solid, liquid and gas. Water exists in those three states of matter, as ice, as itself and water vapor, respectively. But, a geek tells you that there are MORE than 3 states of matter, and you confidently tell that there are only 3. But, me being that geek I told you in my example, argues. Are there really 3 states of matter?!? It’s crazy, right? What can those other states of matter be? So, let’s discover those stuff on this confounding topic on the other states of matter!

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Biological Immortality

I’m pretty sure you viewers must have gotten happy on seeing the word ‘immortality’. All of us don’t want to die, right? Sadly, we have to, also, the topic on which I’m talking about, ‘Biological immortality’, only applies for other special animals, not us humans. Why not us? Is there a way we can ‘revive’ after death? All the questions will be answered on this amazing article on this amaaaazing topic!

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Vocal anatomy is not the cause for monkeys not to speak

A group of international researches found out that they have contradicted the fact that monkeys cannot speak because of its limitation of its voice box, and that it’s not as developed as humans. But, it’s not.


Monkeys and apes are believed to be Man’s closest ancestors. They lived like us in associations. But, there was a difference. Man could speak well, and apes could not communicate in the ‘desired’ language. And, this was believed to be because of its voice box and vocal cords. It was said that its vocal anatomy, which is comprised of the voice box, the vocal cords, the tongue and the lips, had limitations.  But, it was later discovered that it was not because of their problem in their vocal anatomy, but of their brains.

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